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Communion at Home: Scripture, Why and Prayer

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With so many of us currently worshipping from home watching our services online or holding our own service at home, the question pops up “Can we partake in communion at home”?

The answer is a resounding YES! In fact, when Jesus first modeled the spiritual tradition of communion, He did it in someone’s home. If you’re a believer, you can take communion at home or just about anywhere.

The most famous story of communion in the Bible is the story of The Last Supper. It was Jesus’ last dinner with His disciples before He was crucified. You can read the story (and if you’re going to have communion at home, you will certainly want to do this. I encourage you to read all of Matthew 26 beforehand. Or, if you prefer, Luke 22 or Mark 14.

image of chalice, broken bread and crown of thorns

Now as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and after blessing it broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is my body.” And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink of it, all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. I tell you I will not drink again of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.”

Matthew 26:26-30 (ESV)

It happened as part of the celebration of Passover which was a festival that began in the Old Testament period. Jewish people would have celebrated Passover to remember and reflect on how God delivered them out of Egypt. And, how he spared their lives in so many ways.

The eating of the bread and drinking of the wine that led to what we call communion is still a regular part of celebrating Passover that Jewish people observe. Christians tend to celebrate communion more frequently – some weekly, some monthly, and others, even daily.

With Passover as the setting, Jesus took the bread, broke it, yet didn’t follow the typical Passover tradition. He said, “Eat. This is My body.” Then, with the cup of wine, He explained further.

And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink of it, all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

Matthew 26:27-28 (ESV)

An image of grapes, bread, and a communion cup with Matthew 26:27-28 quoted

In Luke’s Gospel, he included a few more of Jesus’ words from that evening:

And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”

Luke 22:19 (ESV) (emphasis mine)

Those six words, and the Apostle Paul’s reminder in 1 Corinthians 11:23-26, are the reason we take communion together as Jesus followers. Jesus asked us to carry out this simple tradition to remember that He gave His life for our lives. That He was poured out to wash away our sins.

Like baptism, communion is a spiritual symbol and reminder of what Jesus has done. But it holds power not only as a symbol, but it also reminds us to invite the Holy Spirit to examine our lives and to continue to do His work of washing us by the grace of Jesus.

After taking communion, Jesus and His followers walked to the Mount of Olives where Jesus prayed to His Father in the Garden of Gethsemane just hours before He was arrested and eventually died so that we could truly live.

Then Jesus went with his disciples to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to them, “Sit here while I go over there and pray.” He took Peter and the two sons of Zebedee along with him, and he began to be sorrowful and troubled. Then he said to them, “My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death. Stay here and keep watch with me.”

 Going a little farther, he fell with his face to the ground and prayed, “My Father, if it is possible, may this cup be taken from me. Yet not as I will, but as you will.”

 Then Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples, “Sit here, while I go over there and pray.” And taking with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, he began to be sorrowful and troubled. Then he said to them, “My soul is very sorrowful, even to death; remain here, and watch with me.” And going a little farther he fell on his face and prayed, saying, “My Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as you will.”

Matthew 26:36-39 (ESV)

Let’s take a closer look at the historical setting of the New Testament. The early church, described in the Book of Acts and in the various letters to the churches, were congregations often made up of groups no larger than 10-20 people. These small churches met frequently together in homes, and they assembled publicly with the other churches in the city when possible.

And day by day, attending the temple together and breaking bread in their homes, they received their food with glad and generous hearts,

Acts 2:46 (ESV)

And every day, in the temple and from house to house, they did not cease teaching and preaching that the Christ is Jesus.

Acts 5:42 (ESV)

In these small, home-based gatherings, the church congregations regularly participated in what became known as a “love feast”. In this time, those who gathered for worship would share a meal and a time of worship, prayer, and fellowship together.

As a part of this gathering, time was also set aside for the observance of communion (also referred to as “breaking of bread”). As we see from in Acts 2:42 below, the breaking of bread or communion was something the church was “devoted to” as a regular practice of their worship:

These are hidden reefs at your love feasts, as they feast with you without fear, shepherds feeding themselves; waterless clouds, swept along by winds; fruitless trees in late autumn, twice dead, uprooted;

Jude 12 (ESV)

Communion at home ebook. The history behind it, with relevant scripture and how to take communion at home with steps and prayer. * 11 pages

cover of taking communion at home ebook

And they devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers.

Acts 2:42 (ESV)

An image of someone breaking bread with Acts 2:42 quoted

The apostle Paul gives some clear direction in 1 Corinthians 11:23-29 (below) about how to practice “The Lord’s Supper,” as he calls it. Paul refers to the instruction of Jesus where he instituted the practice of communion to be observed from that time forward by his Church (from Matthew 26:26-28).

 For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, “This is my body, which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me.  In the same way also he took the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.” For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.
Whoever, therefore, eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty concerning the body and blood of the Lord. Let a person examine himself, then, and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup. For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body eats and drinks judgment on himself.

1 Corinthians 11:23-29 (ESV)

It is important to notice that this was something commonly done in the churches described in the New Testament, and it is not something that needed to be administered, performed, or distributed by a church leader. It is something that all believers shared whenever they gathered as God’s people. Your home may be your church due to illness or the pandemic or another reason. You can perform communion at home nearly anywhere.

This principle, that every believer is a minister of God, is called “the priesthood of all believers” by theologians. It is the idea that as a follower of Jesus, we are all called to serve God and are responsible as his children to read and observe the teachings of Scripture. This would certainly include following the Scripture’s command to regularly observe communion in our gatherings.

But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.

1 Peter 2:9 (ESV)

image of a lit candle in darkness with 1 Peter 2:9 quoted

As the early church participated in communion, I encourage you to make this part of your own personal spiritual practice. Taking communion at home can be a beautiful way to remember all Christ has done for you.

Below are some helpful suggestions for you. If you are partaking in communion alone, don’t worry about a leader. You will just follow the steps. Communion at home does not have to be formulaic. You can follow the basic steps but have this private moment alone with our Lord.

Taking Communion at Home: How-to

Taking communion at home is not difficult or sacrilegious. It is a beautiful tradition to honor Jesus. Here are the steps to take communion at home.

  1. The sacrament of communion is a meal shared by followers of Jesus regardless of denomination or any particular church affiliation. When we say in services. As such, those who are not yet followers of Jesus are welcome to observe and have the meaning of the meal explained but should not participate until such time as they decide to follow Jesus.

2. Identify a leader and/or one or two others to pray over the bread and wine. The person who administers the sacrament should be seen by the group as one who has a measure of spiritual leadership (husband or small group leader) within the gathering.

3. Distribute the bread and wine/juice. Traditionally, the elements are bread (or crackers)) and wine (or grape juice). If you don’t have those available, you can substitute for what you have on hand. Use what you have. It’s not about the elements, it’s about the meaning behind them. If you wish, you can purchase convenient bread and wine pre-prepared cups, so you’ll always have the on hand.

This is what the prepared cups look like:

Communion at Home: Scripture, Why and Prayer 1

4. Invite the participants to a time of silent reflection and confession of sin. In this way, when we take communion at home, we acknowledge our sins—what we have done and what we still need to work on—so that our gratitude may increase for what Jesus has done for us. After a few minutes, simply say, “Amen,” or, if preferred, the leader may close the time of confession with this traditional prayer:

“We do not come to Your table, O merciful Lord, with self-confidence and pride, trusting in our own righteousness, but we trust in Your great and many mercies. We are not worthy to gather the crumbs from under Your table.

But You, O Lord, are unchanging in Your mercy and Your nature is love; grant us, therefore, God of mercy, God of grace, so to eat at this Your table that we may receive in spirit and in truth the body of Your dear Son, Jesus Christ, and the merits of His shed blood, so that we may live and grow in His likeness and, being washed and cleansed through His most precious blood, we may evermore live in Him and He in us. Amen.”

5. Have the leader read 1 Corinthians 11:23-26 to your group.

6. Have the leader or another participant to pray for the bread and lead the group in this first part of communion. Here’s an example.

Hold the bread, a symbol of Jesus’ body. Jesus asked us to eat this to remember that He gave His body for us. Let’s pray. God, thank You for sending Jesus who not only lived for us, but died for us. The Son of God, who came in the body of a man, gave Himself up so we could live! Thank You that His body was raised back to life. Thank You that because of the grace of Jesus we have real life, and we can live forever in You. Amen. Okay, go ahead and eat the bread.

7. Next, have the leader or someone else pray for the cup and lead the group in this second part of communion. Here’s an example.

Hold the cup, a symbol of Jesus’ blood. Jesus asked us to drink this cup to remember that our sins are washed by the powerful new covenant Jesus made possible between us and God. Let’s pray. God, what an incredible picture this is of Your love for us. You allowed Your only Son to literally be poured out so that we could be in a fully restored relationship with You. Thank You, Jesus, for giving your blood. Amen. Go ahead and drink the cup.

8. Remembering what Jesus did for us on the cross as you take communion can feel like a somber moment, and that’s okay. But please don’t forget, this is a wonderful reason to celebrate. Ask a few family members or people in your group to share a story of something that Jesus has restored in their life. Encourage your group to not just experience the symbol of communion but to live in its truth. We are set free because Jesus is alive and giving us life to the full.

9. Ask your family or group to reflect on and share anything they felt like God might have been helping them to see or remember while they were taking communion.

10. Close in prayer. Have the leader or another participant to close in prayer. Or, as a group, recite the Lord’s prayer to close communion at home.

 “Pray then like this:
“Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name.
Your kingdom come,
your will be done,
    on earth as it is in heaven.
 Give us this day our daily bread,
and forgive us our debts,
    as we also have forgiven our debtors.
And lead us not into temptation,
    but deliver us from evil..’

Matthew 6:9-13 (ESV)


I sincerely hope you celebrate and partake in communion at home soon. It’s a wonderful way for followers of Jesus to do something He asked us to, which is to remember what He did for us. And it’s the perfect time to thank Him for His grace which gives us life.

You may also enjoy the below podcast by Pastor Theologians or video by Joyce Meyer about taking communion at home.


Worship and Sacrament When the Church Is Scattered

Have you participated in communion at home? What was your experience? I’d love to hear about it in the comments below.

Another wonderful way to remember God and all He has done for us is to pray God’s names. You may enjoy this post on the names of God and how to pray them.

Because of Him,


ESV – “Scripture quotations are from The ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

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Wednesday 14th of June 2023

Is it ok if I do this communion by myself at home? Above it says to have a leader.


Sunday 13th of March 2022

Thank you, this helped me today, me and my family.

Susan Nelson

Thursday 24th of March 2022

I'm so glad that it blessed you! Have a beautiful day.

Lisa Price

Wednesday 21st of July 2021

Recently, a Sister-in-Christ suggested I start doing communion at home. Thank you for sharing! I have been a believer in Christ from a young age, but had not relinquished personal control of my life until about two years ago. Jesus is now "Lord" of my life! What peace! I have been baptized in the Holy Spirit, received the gift of tongues and water baptized as a new creature in Christ! Hallelujah!!!!

Susan Nelson

Saturday 24th of July 2021

How wonderful! God is so good. Thank you for sharing and stopping by! God bless you.

Angelica Orozco

Wednesday 7th of July 2021

Thank you so much for this article. I was on my way to the beach to clear my head and get some fresh air. I hadn’t done communion in a couple years and search “can I do communion alone” and this came up. I asked my spiritual leader to pray for me and over me. She did ❤️ It was a beautiful moment to surrender to God and have this moment alone.

Thank you. God bless.

Susan Nelson

Thursday 8th of July 2021

You are so very welcome! I pray the time at the beach was refreshing for you. Thank you for sharing and stopping by!

Bev @ Walking Well With God

Wednesday 23rd of September 2020

Sue, So simple, yet so profound - our home is the church. Like you mentioned, the church began as small groups meeting in homes so we really need to continue remembering Christ's sacrifice in this way, even if we aren't meeting in a church building. I believe we will incorporate this in my home soon! Thank you! Blessings, Bev xx

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